We have set out some helpful FAQ’s to better explain the process of disciplinaries and grievances. If you would like to speak to our experts and received tailored advice please do contact us today.
A disciplinary procedure will provide for three distinct stages: investigation, hearing and appeal.
Before issuing any disciplinary sanction it is necessary to hold a reasonable investigation, hold a fair hearing, in which the employee is given a full opportunity to state their case, and then offer a right of appeal to a more senior manager.
Usually the employee’s line manager chairs the procedure, unless they are a witness to the misconduct in question, in which case a manager from another department should chair the process, unless that is not possible in the case of a small employer.
An employee has the right to be accompanied by a work colleague or trade union representative (even if the employer does not recognise any trade union) at any disciplinary or appeal hearing (but not at any investigation meeting).
A grievance procedure is a procedure that must be followed by the employer whenever an employee raises a grievance.
The procedure should provide for a meeting or meetings with the employee, an investigation, an outcome and should any aspect of the grievance not be upheld.
Usually it will be the employee’s line manager, unless the grievance is against that line manager, in which case the line manager’s manager should chair the process, or a manager from another department who has not been involved in anything in relation to the grievance.
Yes, the same right applies as in a disciplinary hearing.
Yes. The ACAS Code of Practice on Disciplinary and Grievance Procedures applies to all disciplinary and grievance situations, and should form the basis of any disciplinary and grievance procedures. Failure to comply with any requirement of the Code could render an employer liable to a 25% uplift in any compensation awarded against them in any Employment Tribunal case.